Emmanuel Villanis bronzen buste
Your Valuation: Villanis bronze sculpture
Bust Portrait of a young Woman.
Probably cast in spelter and patinated as of bronze, her head turned to her left, the gaze directed downwards, the locked hair tied with a band across the forehead, the reverse moulded with the artist's name Villanis, fitted on a socle with square base.
Based on models by Emmanuel Villanis, early 20th century
Emmanuel Villanis (1858 - 1914) was a sculptor. He was born in the town of Lille, France, and became a student of Odoardo Tabucchi while studying in Turin at the Academia Albertina. He is best known for his female bronze busts, which are sought after by collectors today. Spelter, sometimes used as a synonym for zinc, is often used to identify a zinc alloy. In this sense it might be an alloy of equal parts copper and zinc, i.e. a brass, used for hard soldering and brazing, or as an alloy, containing lead, that is used instead of bronze. In this usage it was common for many 19th-century cheap, cast articles such as candlesticks and clock cases and early 20th-century Art Nouveau ornaments and Art Deco figures. Cast metal sculptures are often made of bronze because the alloys of this metal will expand slightly before they set, meaning they can fill all the delicate detailing of a mould. Also, as the bronze cools, it will shrink again, thereby making it much easier to remove from a mould. A cast bronze sculpture is commonly known as a "bronze". As well as being a wonderful material for producing statues, either singly or in groups, it has also been used for reliefs, small statuettes and figurines, as well as bronze elements which are used as decoration on various objects including furniture.